The California Consumer Privacy Act (the “CCPA”) imposes new obligations upon certain businesses regarding their collection, use, storage, and disclosure of consumers’ personal information. Beginning on January 1, 2021 the definition of “consumers” will include employees and applicants, dramatically expanding privacy rights when it comes to data collection. This will place new requirements on employers to provide privacy notices and to comply with the CCPA or else face substantial penalties.
What is the CCPA?
The CCPA of 2018 provides robust protections to consumers. The CCPA went into effect on January 1, 2020, and enforcement commenced July 1, 2020. The CCPA also applies to employees and applicants. More>>
On March 18, 2020, the Senate and House passed, and the President signed into law, one of several pieces of federal legislation in response to the Coronavirus/COVID-19 outbreak. The “Families First Coronavirus Response Act” requires employers with less than 500 employees to provide 12 weeks of paid leave for the reasons and at the rates discussed below. It also provides corresponding tax credits to employers.
Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act
Under the Emergency Paid Sick Leave Act, the employer must provide 80 hours of paid sick leave to full-time employees (or a pro-rated amount for part-time employees) at the rates below for any of the following reasons related to COVID-19: (1) the employee is subject to a federal, state, or local quarantine or isolation order; (2) the employee has been advised by a health care provider to self-quarantine; (3) the employee is experiencing symptoms and seeking a medical diagnosis; (4) the employee is caring for an individual who is quarantined due to exposure or symptoms; (5) the employee is caring for a child whose school has been closed or childcare provider is unavailable; or (6) the employee is experiencing any other substantially similar condition. More>>
On January 31, 2020, Judge Kimberly Mueller of the United States District Court in the Eastern District granted a preliminary injunction, which enjoins the state of California from enforcing AB 51. Previously, on December 30, 2019, Judge Mueller granted a temporary restraining order enjoining the enforcement of AB 51 pending the Court’s ruling on the preliminary injunction.
AB 51 is a California anti-arbitration law signed by Governor Newsom on October 10, 2019 that was scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2020. The law prohibits employers from requiring that job applicants or workers sign arbitration agreements as a condition of their employment or continued employment. More>>
On December 30, 2019, Judge Kimberly Mueller of the United States District Court in the Eastern District granted a temporary restraining order, which enjoins California from enforcing AB 51. AB 51 is a California anti-arbitration law signed by Governor Newsom on October 10, 2019 that was scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 2020. The law prohibits employers from requiring that job applicants or workers sign arbitration agreements as a condition of their employment or continued employment. AB 51 specifically states that it is not “intended to invalidate a written arbitration agreement that is otherwise enforceable under the Federal Arbitration Act.” More>>
October 13, 2019 was the deadline for Governor Newsom to decide whether to approve or veto several employment bills that were passed by the California Legislature in 2019. The laws signed by Governor Newsom are summarized below and will become effective January 1, 2020 unless otherwise noted.
AB 5 (Independent Contractor v. Employee)
AB 5 codifies Dynamex, a 2018 California Supreme Court decision, and makes workers employees unless the hiring entity demonstrates each of the following factors under the so-called “ABC” test: (A) the person is free from the control and direction of the hiring entity in connection with the performance of the work; (B) the person performs work that is outside the usual course of the hiring entity’s business; and (C) the person is customarily engaged in an independently established trade, occupation, or business. More>>